7 Causes of Obesity
Obesity, characterised by excessive body fat, is a global concern with numerous health implications. Understanding its root causes is crucial. Let's delve into the primary reasons behind this widespread health challenge.
1. Poor Diet Choices and Obesity
Unhealthy diets often contain high-calorie, processed foods. These lack essential nutrients but are packed with sugars and unhealthy fats. Over time, these foods cause weight gain. Opting for junk food, sugary drinks, and oversized portions will all contribute. Consuming such meals regularly leads to increased calorie intake.
2. Physical Inactivity
Leading a sedentary lifestyle is a common obesity cause. Modern life has made many daily activities less physically demanding. Many people spend hours at desks or in front of screens. Fewer opportunities for physical activity result in fewer calories burned. Regular exercise is crucial. Without it, unused calories get stored as fat.
3. Genetics and Obesity
Some individuals are genetically predisposed to obesity. Genes can influence fat storage and energy burning. Although genetics plays a role, lifestyle factors are crucial too. Combining genetic predisposition with an unhealthy lifestyle increases risks.
4. Medical Conditions That Can Cause Obesity
Certain medical conditions also increase risk. Conditions like hypothyroidism slow metabolism, causing weight gain. Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is another example. It affects women's hormones, often leading to weight gain. Medications like antidepressants, antipsychotics, and some diabetes medications can also cause weight gain.
5. Emotional Factors
Stress, depression, and other emotional factors can contribute to weight gain. Some people eat more when they're emotional. This is often termed "emotional eating." It's a coping mechanism for many. Foods high in sugar and fat release feel-good chemicals in the brain. Over time, emotional eating can lead to significant weight gain.
6. Socioeconomic Factors
Your environment plays a role in your weight. Limited access to healthy foods can increase risk. Some areas lack fresh produce sellers. Processed foods become the primary diet. Similarly, lack of safe areas for exercise contributes. Financial constraints also affect food choices.
7. How Your Age Can Impact Obesity
As you age, hormonal changes can lead to weight gain. Metabolism generally slows down. Muscle mass reduces, leading to decreased calorie burning. This doesn't mean weight gain is inevitable. Combining a healthy diet with regular exercise can counteract these effects.
Procedures That Can Tackle Obesity
There are several surgical procedures that can help you tackle weight gain. These include:
Gastric bypass - The stomach is divided into a small upper pouch and a larger lower section. The small intestine is rearranged to connect to both. This not only limits food intake but alters gut hormones, appetite and metabolism.
Sleeve Gastrectomy - Involves removing a large portion of the stomach, leaving a narrow gastric "sleeve". Up to 80% of the stomach is removed through this procedure. This is permanent and irreversible, suitable for patients with a BMI above 40.
To book an appointment and discuss the right procedure for you, visit the Acibadem Beauty Center Obesity Surgery page.
Frequently Asked Questions
What is the medical definition of obesity?
Obesity is classified as having a Body Mass Index (BMI) of 30 or above. This typically indicates excessive body fat.
How is obesity different from being overweight?
Being overweight means a BMI between 25 and 29.9. Obesity is a BMI of 30 and above.
Does genetics play a role in obesity?
Yes, genetics can influence the likelihood of increased weight, though lifestyle factors also play a significant role.
How can medical procedures combat obesity?
There are several medical interventions that can help reduce weight and treat obesity. These include liposuction, abdominoplasty, body lifts and bariatric surgery.
Is obesity linked to other medical conditions?
Absolutely. It can increase the risk of numerous conditions. This includes type 2 diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and certain types of cancer.