Everything You Need to Know About Bariatric Surgery

Everything You Need to Know About Bariatric Surgery

Everything You Need to Know About Bariatric Surgery


Bariatric surgery is often considered a transformative journey for those battling severe obesity. It is a tool for those who haven't found success with diet, exercise, or medication. Bariatric surgery is not a shortcut, but a strategic intervention. The goal is to reduce health risks associated with obesity, like diabetes and heart disease. Below, you'll find a comprehensive guide to understanding bariatric surgery, from types to recovery.

Understanding Bariatric Surgery

This surgery alters your digestive system, which helps with weight loss. The alterations during the procedure help reduce food intake and can also decrease nutrient absorption. It's a significant step that requires a commitment to a new lifestyle and eating habits. This is the most effective way to ensure long-term success and health improvement.

Types of Bariatric Surgery

  • Gastric Sleeve (Sleeve Gastrectomy): In this procedure, approximately 80% of the stomach is removed. It will leave a tube-shaped stomach about the size of a banana. This limits the amount of food you can eat and helps you feel full sooner.
  • Gastric Bypass (Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass): This surgery involves creating a small pouch at the top of the stomach. The pouch is then connected directly to the small intestine. It bypasses most of your stomach and the first section of your small intestine (duodenum). This procedure restricts food intake and decreases calorie absorption.
  • Gastric Balloon (Swallowable): This non-surgical procedure involves swallowing a balloon in a form such as a pill. The balloon is then inflated once it is inside the stomach. After a predetermined period, typically around 6 months, the balloon is deflated and removed. 
  • Gastric Balloon (Endoscopic): This procedure involves placing a balloon in the stomach via an endoscope. Under sedation, a doctor inserts an endoscope into the stomach and then places the deflated balloon. This is then filled with liquid to occupy space in the stomach. After a predetermined period, the balloon is deflated and removed endoscopically.

Types of Bariatric Surgery

Candidate Eligibility

Suitable candidates for bariatric surgery often:

  • Struggle with a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher.
  • Have a BMI of 35 or more along with serious weight-related health problems.
  • Have made serious efforts to lose weight with diet and exercise.

The Pre-Surgery Journey

Preparation for bariatric surgery is intensive. Candidates often undergo various evaluations, including psychological and nutritional counselling. This ensures they are prepared for the substantial life changes ahead. Patients may be asked to:

  • Start a physical activity routine.
  • Stop smoking, as smoking increases the risk of complications.
  • Begin a special diet to reduce the size of the liver and body fat.

The Surgical Experience

Each type of bariatric surgery varies in terms of procedure steps and time. However, most are performed laparoscopically, leading to shorter hospital stays and recovery times. Post-operative care is crucial and includes:

  • Adhering to a specific diet that begins with liquids and gradually increases to solid foods.
  • Taking vitamins and minerals to compensate for the reduced ability to absorb nutrients.
  • Frequent medical checkups to monitor health and progress.

Post-Surgery: Risks and Adjustments

While bariatric surgery is generally safe, it does carry potential risks, including:

  • Infection, blood clots, and bleeding.
  • Long-term risks such as malnutrition and vitamin deficiencies.
  • Possible need for additional surgeries.

Life After Bariatric Surgery

After surgery, the real work begins. Successful weight loss and maintenance require:

  • Learning new eating habits, such as taking smaller bites and chewing thoroughly.
  • Committing to regular physical activity.
  • Ongoing support from healthcare providers, possibly including support groups.

Cost Considerations

The cost of bariatric surgery can be substantial. While many insurance plans do cover it, they often have specific requirements. Patients should discuss coverage with their insurance company and consider all factors. These include the need for follow-up appointments and dietary changes. 

For further information on Bariatric Surgery, please visit the ACIBADEM Beauty Centre Obesity Surgery page.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. How do I know if bariatric surgery is right for me?

Consultation with a bariatric surgeon will help patients know if it is the right thing for them. A thorough medical evaluation can determine if you're a candidate.

2. What is life like after bariatric surgery?

Life after bariatric surgery includes following a strict diet initially, regular exercise, and frequent checkups.

3. Can bariatric surgery be reversed?

Some procedures are reversible. Discuss with your surgeon for detailed information.

4. Will I need plastic surgery after weight loss?

Some individuals choose to have body-contouring surgery to remove excess skin after significant weightloss.

5. How much weight can I expect to lose?

Weight loss varies depending on the surgery, your commitment to lifestyle changes, and other factors.


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